Photosynthesis is a process that is used by most every plant, algae and a few types of bacteria. At its base definition, involves the process of harnessing the energy of the sun and creating chemical energy as a result. Scientists have long studied the nature of photosynthesis but today they are starting to understand that it could be beneficial in developing clean and renewable energy.
The two main types of photosynthesis are anoxygenic photosynthesis and oxygenic photosynthesis. Oxygenic is a type of photosynthesis that commonly found in algae, plants, and cyanobacteria. Anoxygenic photosynthesis does not produce any type of oxygen and this is photosynthesis that regularly occurs in bacteria like green sulfur and purple bacteria.
The reactions used to create photosynthesis are often dependent on light-dependent processes or light independent processes. Light reactions occur when photons hit a pigment molecule like chlorophyll inside a plant which then releases the electron and the energy that’s required to release oxygen. Light-independent reactions include three chemical reaction steps with carbon sexy Asian, reduction and regeneration. These reactions often cause sugars that can be recycled to start the process all over again.
What we could accomplish by studying photosynthesis may result in clean-burning fuels such as a methane or hydrogen gas. There were a number of universities that are studying the use of green algae in the production of hydrogen. As this process is continually studied it could work to extend the hydrogen production from green algae leading to a constant source of clean fuel.
Photosynthesis studies will continue to show us how we can utilize various plans for renewable energy, oxygen production and more. These types of studies will be absolutely required for us to explore new planets as well as reduce the damage we have down to our world through fossil fuels.