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What Is 5G Internet?

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It has been almost a decade that we’ve been developing 5G internet, but as of now, we stand on the very precipice of this new technological marvel. Soon enough, mobile 5g will start making appearances by 2020 in the United States, and carriers around the world will soon catch up. People are very curious about what this new generation of cellular communications entails, and there seem more questions than answers. So let us go over a brief outline of what 5g actually means.

5g stands for 5th generation in cellular internet communications. It follows after 2G (GSM), 3G (UMTS) and more recently, 4G (LTE/WiMAX) systems. With 5G, you will see an exponentially higher speed of download and uploads. The time it takes for devices to communicate with each other through calling services, called latency, will also reduce significantly.

Unlike LTE (4G), 5G will operate across 3 different spectrums, which will significantly improve the quality of service you get. Once the 5G ecosystem is built, it will prove to be the best version in cellular communications we have currently. The following are a few important advantages that we are looking are when we implement 5G coverage:

  • Improved Speeds
    5G promises much higher speeds than ever before in most conditions compared to previous systems. The 5G specification predicts 490 Mbits/median speeds for 3.5 GHz. This means that data rates of above 10 Gbps can also be achieved. This creates a much better user experience as download and upload speeds are better.
  • Better Latency
    Latency refers to the ability and speed at which devices can communicate with each other, either through the internet or through calling and messaging services. 5G will provide higher and better latency, and latency of less than 1 ms can be achieved. This is huge as it will lead to no lag in communication between devices, and traffic load will also get reduced on 5G base stations.
    In addition to that, dynamic beamforming is also possible with 5G to help overcome pathloss when you are communication at higher frequencies.
  • Higher Spectrum Density

As 5G operates at a higher range of spectrum and can operate over all 3 ranges of spectrums, it will be possible to achieve increased traffic capacity, lesser load on traffic base stations, significantly increased network efficiency and great throughput and connection density leading to a significantly improved user experience that will make using the internet a very smooth and easy process. This has improved advantages across each facet of a person’s life as the internet has become a ubiquitous part of our society.

However, that is not to say that there aren’t certain drawbacks to this new system. The drawbacks are explained as follows:

  • Higher Expenses
    5G is still at a point where the technology is not ubiquitous enough that network providers can find skilled engineers and scientists to install and maintain a widespread 5G network. This will lead to an increase in expenses and increases the cost of 5G deployment in newer areas. This will lead to a mismatch in speeds as certain parts of the world move ahead technologically, whereas others still stay behind.

In addition, 5G smartphones will also be extremely costly, and will not be universally affordable for everyone to use. It will be quite a lot of time before 5G smartphones become affordable enough. Therefore, in spite of the technology being employed everywhere, not everyone will be able to make use of it.

  • Security Concerns

Whenever there is any new range of spectrums, there is a question of security and privacy being implemented. This will take time to get straightened out.

All this being said, the drawbacks of 5G are still just the result of it being a very technology. There is no doubt that it is soon to come, and will take the world by storm!

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